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This town was named for a Mr. Moore of Philadelphia. Moore was a significant financial backer of Richard Harlow’s "Jaw Bone" railroad which stretched from Harlowton to Lewistown.


In 1890, the Great Northern constructed a branch line from Great Falls to Monarch to haul ore from the nearby mines. The name of Monarch is thought to come from the relationship to the nearby mines of "King," "Czar," and "Emperor." Amateur prospectors still pan the streams surrounding the town.


In 1877, only nine people lived in the "Norwegian Settlement" north of Big Timber. Three log cabins were the beginning of Melville, named for Col. Melville, the famed arctic explorer. Mail was collected in a cigar box for the Stage to pick up on its way to Bozeman. 


The Milwaukee Railroad was instrumental in drawing new settlers to this Montana area in the early 1900s. An important freight station, Melstone was named after Associate Press reporter, Melvin Stone, who rode the Milwaukee and assisted the railroad president in naming newly formed towns along the railroad line. 

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